Have you ever wondered how you start feeling sleepy as the evening hours wear on and become alert as the day begins? Well, this is because you have a biological clock – everyone has them! The clock regulates several bodily functions ranging from sleep-wake cycles to eating habits, hormone release, digestion, among others. It is possible to experience biological rhythm disorders, but some peptide-based products can treat them. Learn more about biorhythms and how they are controlled.
What are the biological clocks?
Biological clocks are an internal timing device that enables living organisms to anticipate and respond to environmental changes that result from the cycle of day and night. They are made up of several groups of molecules (proteins) located in different cells throughout the body. The clocks are responsible for regulating sleep and wake time, reaction times, blood pressure, alertness, appetite, and hormone levels.
The timing activity and synchronization of all the internal clocks are controlled by a single biological device known as the internal “master” clock. It is located in the upper section of the hypothalamus, an essential part of the brain, and it receives input from the eyes. All living organisms, including humans, fungi, plants, algae, microorganisms, have biological clocks.
There are four biological rhythms
Biological rhythms align bodily activities with specific timing that respond to environmental cycles. They cause sleepiness and promote wakefulness during the night and day, respectively, kick-start food digestion during the day, and eliminate the feeling of hunger during sleep, determine menstruation, feeding habits, and lots more. There are four biorhythms that control these functions; they include:
- Infradian rhythms. They are rhythms that occur for over 24 hours in a row. Some examples in mammals include menstrual cycle, hair growth, breeding, hibernation in bears, etc.;
- Circadian rhythms. These are the cycle of mental, physical, and behavioral changes that the body undergoes. They are influenced by light and darkness and are often referred to as the “body’s clock.” Examples include the sleep and wake cycle, body temperature, etc.;
- Ultradian rhythms. These rhythms are characterized by cycles less than 24 hours but that lasts longer than an hour. They take place more often than circadian rhythms. Pulse rate, heart rate, blood circulation, are a few examples;
- Diurnal rhythms. These rhythms are circadian rhythms that occur in synchrony with the night and day cycle. They occur once every 24 hours.
Changes in the behavior of coastal animals, year-to-year bird migration, plants opening up their leaves are all factors of biological rhythms. These rhythms are everywhere.
What are the types of biological rhythm disorders?
Biorhythm disorders are problems caused by a break in the regular working pattern of the biological clock. They may occur when the regular body cycles go out of sync with the environment.
The types of Biorhythm disorders are:
- Sleep disorders. The body operates in sync with night and day, going to sleep at night and becoming alert during the day. Disruptions to the regular sleep pattern can affect sleep quality and affect other bodily functions;
- Shift work disorders (SWD). Forcing the body to stay awake when it should be sleeping (for example, working night shifts) can change the circadian rhythms;
- Mood disorders. This is characterized by inconsistencies with one’s emotional state at any point in time and their circumstances. It can be caused by sunlight deprivation and may lead to bipolar disorders, depression, etc.;
- Jet lag. This is extreme fatigue and other adverse physical effects caused by traveling across time zones.
These disorders can be caused by external factors such as exposure to the sun, consumption of coffee, modafinil, or other stimulants capable of tipping brain chemicals that regulate the sleep cycle. They may also be caused by internal factors such as weight, genes, age, or medical conditions.
What are the effects of biological rhythm disorders?
Biorhythm disorders can interfere with day-to-day activities and the immune system. They can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness, extreme drowsiness, mood swings which can affect both leisure and work time. Problems with decision-making and memory, poor eating habits, and digestion problems are also some effects of these disorders. Using a peptide-based supplement such as Epitalon spray can help prevent these disorders. Consult a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms as they can be harmful to your health.
What are biological rhythms controlled by?
Biological rhythms are controlled by the body’s master clock located in the brain. A master clock is a group of around 20,000 neurons that control all the biological clocks in cells, making them work in synchrony. Natural factors within the body generate biological rhythms; however, they can also be influenced by signals from the environment, such as daylight. Light entering through the eyes can turn on or turn off genes responsible for controlling the biological clocks. Light-darkness cycles and light intensity can slow down, accelerate or reset the rhythms.